Welcome to the February 22, 2023 Main edition of The Homework, the official newsletter of California YIMBY — legislative updates, news clips, housing research and analysis, and the latest writings from the California YIMBY team.
Last Friday, February 17, was the deadline for members of the Legislature to introduce new bills this Session, and it’s another potentially big year for housing policy.
California YIMBY is still reviewing all the housing legislation that’s been submitted. Here are some of the priority housing bills we’re sponsoring for this legislative session:
- SB 423 (Wiener) – This bill will permanently extend the provisions of SB 35 (Wiener, 2017) and expand them to cover mixed-income housing developments. Additionally, SB 423 will remove the current coastal zone exemption in SB 35.
- AB 309 (Lee) – This bill establishes the intent to create the California Housing Authority, an independent state agency with the ability to construct housing and lease it to a mix of household income ranges through both an ownership and rental model.
- AB 976 (Ting) – This bill will permanently extend the ability of property owners to build affordable, rental accessory dwelling units (ADUs), by extending the rental unit provisions of 2020’s AB 881, which expire in 2025. The provisions allow owners to build rental ADUs on the same property as their existing rental.
- AB 1633 (Ting) – This bill will end the inappropriate abuse of the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) by jurisdictions that attempt to block new housing developments that have already been found in compliance with local and state land use and environmental regulations.
We will have more housing legislation news, includion additional legislation California YIMBY will sponsor, in the coming weeks as bills are refined and amended prior to committee hearings, which are expected to begin in March. To stay up to date on committee action, and to receive alerts for bills and other legislative activities, join our Rapid Response team.
How NIMBYs Hijacked CEQA
The SoFi Stadium in Los Angeles is a testament to the ability of elected officials to streamline new developments to accelerate construction and save money. The stadium famously qualified for streamlining under the California Environmental Quality Act, or CEQA – a courtesy that is commonly extended to not just stadiums, but freeways, government structures, and other large, “popular” projects.
But just blocks away from SoFi, proposed affordable housing developments continue to be endlessly bogged down by the misuse of environmental litigation. Thus begins “Twisted Fate: How California’s Premier Environmental Law Has Worsened the State’s Housing Crisis, and How To Fix It,” a recent publication by attorney Noah DeWitt in the Pepperdine Law Review.
- CEQA as it exists today is a far cry from the original vision for the law, and a major barrier to infill multifamily housing production.
- Many recent efforts to reform CEQA have struggled to pass. Worse yet, many recent reforms that have passed have produced underwhelming results.
- California could learn from successful environmental review reform efforts in Massachusetts, Minnesota, and New York.
Is SB 9 Working? Here’s What Early Data Reveals
In 2021, the passage of SB 9 in California made history by ending single-unit zoning, and making it legal to build up to four homes on properties that had previously only permitted one. The bill made headlines, as single-unit zoning had long been seen as the “third rail” of land use policy – untouchable, and beyond reform.
But the results one year after the law took effect—as detailed in “California’s HOME Act Turns One: Data and Insights from the First Year of Senate Bill 9” by David Garcia and Muhammad Alameldin of the Terner Center for Housing Innovation at UC Berkeley—are less inspiring, suggesting that “clean-up” legislation may be needed to realize the law’s intended benefits.
- SB 9 aimed to legalize duplexes and fourplexes in residential districts across California. Yet recent research suggests that many municipalities are adopting local ordinances that subvert the law.
- The data largely reflects this: most of the municipalities surveyed didn’t permit a single SB 9 unit in 2022, while Los Angeles permitted fewer than 40 units—a far cry from the permitting boom we’ve seen with accessory dwelling units (ADUs).
- Legislators can ensure that the law fully realizes its potential by extending many of the substantive and procedural protections afforded to ADUs to SB 9 projects, such as liberal design standards, low impact fees, and streamlined permitting.
- A Homeless Student Received Aid for an Apartment. Then Came the Hard Part. | NY Times
- Slashing transit funds will undermine California’s ability to meet climate goals | CalMatters
- California’s housing duel between state and local governments intensifies | CalMatters
- How fixing the fire code can help California’s housing crisis — and improve our architecture | SF Chronicle
- Opinion: How California’s duplex law was designed to fail | LA Times
- ‘We were surprised’: California’s wildfire risk maps are missing this key info, study finds | SF Chronicle
- This Bay Area man has become the face of California’s latest housing drama | SF Chronicle
- Huntington Beach says no to more housing. Will it stand? | OC Register
- More floods, storms threaten U.S. housing market as climate changes | Washington Post
- How To Reform Zoning To Allow More Density Around Transit – And Meet Housing Demand | NextCity
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